As 30 million Americans have lost their jobs over the last six weeks amid the coronavirus pandemic, America’s billionaires are becoming even richer.
According to a new report from the Institute for Policy Studies, a left-leaning think tank, over the past 6 weeks, American billionaires have seen their wealth increase by $406 billion — a boost of just under 14% to their net worth.
An initial decline
The global pandemic has impacted everyone’s pockets, regardless of income. As the markets have been roiled by the coronavirus and broad economic shutdown, hundreds of billionaires saw their net worth decline. In total, 267 of the world’s 2,153 billionaires saw their worth decline below $1 billion, dropping off the billionaire list. But as some billionaires struggled, others, particularly in the United States, profited.
“U.S. billionaires have seen ups and downs over the same period. Their ranks increased from 607 to 614 people, but their total wealth declined from $3.111 trillion in 2019 to $2.947 trillion in 2020,” the report noted.
But unlike most Americans, the country’s wealthiest have managed to recover their losses, and in many cases increase their net worth.
After an initial decline, by April 5, billionaire collective wealth rose to $3.017 trillion from $2.9 trillion a few weeks prior. “The U.S. billionaires, the last couple of weeks seem to be ‘delinking’ from the U.S. economy,” said Chuck Collins, one of the authors of the report. “There are some huge winners.”
Just 5 days later, according to the report, their wealth surged to $3.229 trillion — surpassing their 2019 levels.
“Between March 18 — the near bottom point of the pandemic financial swoon — and April 10, 2020, U.S. billionaire wealth rebounded by $282 billion,” the report states.
Roughly half of the world’s billionaires have seen their wealth increase since the beginning of the year. According to the report, eight billionaires in particular saw their wealth increase by over $1 billion each.
“There’s a subgroup of people you can call ‘profiteers’ that are economically reaping enormous benefits,” Collins said.
Most billionaires derive their net worth from business holdings and investments.
By April 15, Amazon’s (AMZN) founder and CEO Jeff Bezos had increased his net worth by a staggering $25 billion, padding an already full bank account of roughly $140 billion, according to Forbes. This increase totals roughly the combined increase of the following top 7 billionaires on the list.
Following Bezos on the list is Elon Musk, the CEO of electric-car company Tesla (TSLA). He saw his net worth surge by $5 billion since the beginning of the year. He is worth just under $37 billion. Others on the list include former Microsoft (MSFT) CEO Steve Ballmer and Eric Yuan, CEO of the popular video conferencing platform Zoom (ZM). They both boosted their wealth by roughly $2.5 billion each.
How they did it
Despite the volatility of the markets, Collins said that rising stock prices and market caps of companies in tech, delivery services, and video conferencing are partly the reason behind these wealth surges.
But, he said, the “larger trend” is that Wall Street “typically” rebounds faster than the rest of the economy.
“It’s still volatile,” Collins said. “The markets may still go down substantially but in the short term, it’s odd that so much bad news would be accompanied by a surge and an updraft at the top.”